Probleme mit Postfix und Dovecot

pekobe
Posts: 1
Joined: 2012-11-27 15:12

Probleme mit Postfix und Dovecot

Post by pekobe »

Hallo,

ich möchte auf meinem VServer Postfix mit Dovecot benutzen.
Auf meinem VServer läuft Debian 6.0 Squezze mit Froxlor 0.9.27-1.

Wenn ich jetzt in Froxlor eine Mailadresse anlege wird kein Ordner unter
/var/customers/mail angelegt.

Wenn ich in die mail.log schaue finde ich noch folgende Einträge:

Code: Select all

postfix/qmgr[13962]: D05711281255: from=<xxxxxx>, size=1429, nrcpt=1 (queue active)
dovecot: auth(default): master in: USER#0111#011tester@online-doppelkopf.de#011service=deliver
dovecot: auth(default): passwd(tester@online-doppelkopf.de): lookup
dovecot: auth(default): passwd(tester@online-doppelkopf.de): unknown user
dovecot: auth(default): master out: NOTFOUND#0111


Hier mal meine main.cf

Code: Select all

## General Postfix configuration
# should be the default domain from your provider eg. "server100.provider.tld"
mydomain = xxxxxx

# should be different from $mydomain eg. "mail.$mydomain"
myhostname = xxxxxx

mydestination = $myhostname,
   $mydomain,
   localhost.$myhostname,
   localhost.$mydomain,
   localhost
mynetworks = 127.0.0.0/8
inet_interfaces = all
append_dot_mydomain = no
biff = no

# Postfix performance settings
default_destination_concurrency_limit = 20
local_destination_concurrency_limit = 2

# SMTPD Settings
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Debian/GNU)
smtpd_helo_required = yes
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,
   permit_sasl_authenticated,
   reject_unauth_destination,
   reject_unauth_pipelining,
   reject_non_fqdn_recipient
smtpd_sender_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,
   reject_sender_login_mismatch,
   permit_sasl_authenticated,
   reject_unknown_helo_hostname,
   reject_unknown_recipient_domain,
   reject_unknown_sender_domain
smtpd_client_restrictions = permit_mynetworks,
   permit_sasl_authenticated,
   reject_unknown_client_hostname
# Maximum size of Message in bytes (50MB)
message_size_limit = 52428800

## SASL Auth Settings
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_local_domain = $myhostname
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
## Dovecot Settings for deliver, SASL Auth and virtual transport
smtpd_sasl_type = dovecot
mailbox_command = /usr/lib/dovecot/deliver
virtual_transport = dovecot
dovecot_destination_recipient_limit = 1
smtpd_sasl_path = private/auth

# Virtual delivery settings
virtual_mailbox_base = /var/customers/mail/
virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailbox_maps.cf
virtual_mailbox_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_mailbox_domains.cf
virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_alias_maps.cf
smtpd_sender_login_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual_sender_permissions.cf
virtual_uid_maps = static:2000
virtual_gid_maps = static:2000

# Local delivery settings
local_transport = local
alias_maps = $alias_database

# Default Mailbox size, is set to 0 which means unlimited!
mailbox_size_limit = 0
virtual_mailbox_limit = 0

### TLS settings
###
## TLS for outgoing mails from the server to another server
#smtp_tls_security_level = may
#smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes
## TLS for email client
#smtpd_tls_security_level = may
#smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/server/v2201207133908803.yourvserver.net.pem
#smtpd_tls_key_file = $smtpd_tls_cert_file
#smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt
#smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
#smtpd_tls_received_header = yes

debugger_command =
         PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
         ddd $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5


Und die master.cf

Code: Select all

#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# Do not forget to execute "postfix reload" after editing this file.
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_tls_security_level=encrypt
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#  -o milter_macro_daemon_name=ORIGINATING
#628       inet  n       -       -       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     fifo  n       -       -       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
proxywrite unix -       -       n       -       1       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
# When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
   -o smtp_fallback_relay=
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Recent Cyrus versions can use the existing "lmtp" master.cf entry.
#
# Specify in cyrus.conf:
#   lmtp    cmd="lmtpd -a" listen="localhost:lmtp" proto=tcp4
#
# Specify in main.cf one or more of the following:
#  mailbox_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#  virtual_transport = lmtp:inet:localhost
#
# ====================================================================
#
# Cyrus 2.1.5 (Amos Gouaux)
# Also specify in main.cf: cyrus_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
#cyrus     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
# Old example of delivery via Cyrus.
#
#old-cyrus unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
#  flags=R user=cyrus argv=/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -m ${extension} ${user}
#
# ====================================================================
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix   -   n   n   -   2   pipe
  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
  ${nexthop} ${user}
# Add this lines to be able to use dovecot as delivery agent
# Dovecot LDA
dovecot     unix   -   n   n   -   -   pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail:vmail argv=/usr/lib/dovecot/deliver -d ${recipient}


Wo läuft hier was falsch?


LG Peter
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Joe User
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Posts: 11518
Joined: 2003-02-27 01:00
Location: Hamburg

Re: Probleme mit Postfix und Dovecot

Post by Joe User »

Dein Dovecot authentifiziert gegen /etc/passwd und dort gibt es keinen Systemuser "tester", daher wird die Mail mit "user unknown" abgelehnt.

Du musst also Dovecot und Froxlor aufeinander abstimmen, sprich konfigurieren.
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