postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

allo!

Bevor hier aufgeschrien wird, ich schwöre... ich habe gesucht und gesucht, gegoogelt und und und... doch es will einfach nicht mehr funktionieren.

Habe Postfix: 2.1.1
SuSE Linux 9.1 1&1 Root Server L

Nachdem ich feststellen musste, das mein Server keinerlei Authentifizierung mehr verlangt um Email zu versenden habe ich mir ein Postfix-Buch gekauft (Postfix - Schnellkonfiguration [Philipp Föckeler]). Bei meinem früheren Server war die Authentifizierung standardmäßig aktualisiert und ich habe mich jediglich um Software-Updates gekümmert.

Seit heute bekomme folgende Fehlermeldung wenn ich Emails-Verschicken. Und ich schließe nicht aus einen Fehler in der main.cfg gemacht zu haben...
Ihre Nachricht hat einige oder alle Empfänger nicht erreicht.

Betreff: test
Gesendet am: 17.04.2007 22:21

Folgende Empfänger konnten nicht erreicht werden:

'emailadresse@gmail.com' am 17.04.2007 22:21
554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied
/var/log/mail
Apr 17 22:20:43 pxxxxx postfix/smtpd[4908]: connect from dyndsl-xx]
Apr 17 22:20:43 pxxx postfix/smtpd[4908]: NOQUEUE: reject: RCPT from dyndsl-xxx]: 554 <xxx@gmail.com>: Relay access denied; from=<mail@xxxx.de> to=<xxxx@gmail.com> proto=ESMTP helo=<server>
Apr 17 22:20:46 pxxxx postfix/smtpd[4908]: disconnect from dyndsl-xxxx]
Last edited by deral on 2007-04-17 22:51, edited 1 time in total.
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

hier meine postfix main.cf
#
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------
# NOTE: Many parameters have already been added to the end of this file
# by SuSEconfig.postfix. So take care that you don't uncomment
# and set a parameter without checking whether it has been added
# to the end of this file.
# -----------------------------------------------------------------------
#
# Global Postfix configuration file. This file lists only a subset
# of all 300+ parameters. See the sample-xxx.cf files for a full list.
#
# The general format is lines with parameter = value pairs. Lines
# that begin with whitespace continue the previous line. A value can
# contain references to other $names or ${name}s.
#
# NOTE - CHANGE NO MORE THAN 2-3 PARAMETERS AT A TIME, AND TEST IF
# POSTFIX STILL WORKS AFTER EVERY CHANGE.

# SOFT BOUNCE
#
# The soft_bounce parameter provides a limited safety net for
# testing. When soft_bounce is enabled, mail will remain queued that
# would otherwise bounce. This parameter disables locally-generated
# bounces, and prevents the SMTP server from rejecting mail permanently
# (by changing 5xx replies into 4xx replies). However, soft_bounce
# is no cure for address rewriting mistakes or mail routing mistakes.
#
#soft_bounce = no

# LOCAL PATHNAME INFORMATION
#
# The queue_directory specifies the location of the Postfix queue.
# This is also the root directory of Postfix daemons that run chrooted.
# See the files in examples/chroot-setup for setting up Postfix chroot
# environments on different UNIX systems.
#
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix

# The command_directory parameter specifies the location of all
# postXXX commands.
#
command_directory = /usr/sbin

# The daemon_directory parameter specifies the location of all Postfix
# daemon programs (i.e. programs listed in the master.cf file). This
# directory must be owned by root.
#
daemon_directory = /usr/lib/postfix

# QUEUE AND PROCESS OWNERSHIP
#
# The mail_owner parameter specifies the owner of the Postfix queue
# and of most Postfix daemon processes. Specify the name of a user
# account THAT DOES NOT SHARE ITS USER OR GROUP ID WITH OTHER ACCOUNTS
# AND THAT OWNS NO OTHER FILES OR PROCESSES ON THE SYSTEM. In
# particular, don't specify nobody or daemon. PLEASE USE A DEDICATED
# USER.
#
mail_owner = postfix

# The default_privs parameter specifies the default rights used by
# the local delivery agent for delivery to external file or command.
# These rights are used in the absence of a recipient user context.
# DO NOT SPECIFY A PRIVILEGED USER OR THE POSTFIX OWNER.
#
#default_privs = nobody
default_privs = autoresponder

# INTERNET HOST AND DOMAIN NAMES
#
# The myhostname parameter specifies the internet hostname of this
# mail system. The default is to use the fully-qualified domain name
# from gethostname(). $myhostname is used as a default value for many
# other configuration parameters.
#
#myhostname = host.domain.tld
#myhostname = virtual.domain.tld

# The mydomain parameter specifies the local internet domain name.
# The default is to use $myhostname minus the first component.
# $mydomain is used as a default value for many other configuration
# parameters.
#
#mydomain = domain.tld

# SENDING MAIL
#
# The myorigin parameter specifies the domain that locally-posted
# mail appears to come from. The default is to append $myhostname,
# which is fine for small sites. If you run a domain with multiple
# machines, you should (1) change this to $mydomain and (2) set up
# a domain-wide alias database that aliases each user to
# user@that.users.mailhost.
#
# For the sake of consistency between sender and recipient addresses,
# myorigin also specifies the default domain name that is appended
# to recipient addresses that have no @domain part.
#
#myorigin = $myhostname
#myorigin = $mydomain

# RECEIVING MAIL

# The inet_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on. By default,
# the software claims all active interfaces on the machine. The
# parameter also controls delivery of mail to user@[ip.address].
#
# See also the proxy_interfaces parameter, for network addresses that
# are forwarded to us via a proxy or network address translator.
#
# Note: you need to stop/start Postfix when this parameter changes.
#
#inet_interfaces = all
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname
#inet_interfaces = $myhostname, localhost
inet_interfaces = all

# The proxy_interfaces parameter specifies the network interface
# addresses that this mail system receives mail on by way of a
# proxy or network address translation unit. This setting extends
# the address list specified with the inet_interfaces parameter.
#
# You must specify your proxy/NAT addresses when your system is a
# backup MX host for other domains, otherwise mail delivery loops
# will happen when the primary MX host is down.
#
#proxy_interfaces =
#proxy_interfaces = 1.2.3.4

# The mydestination parameter specifies the list of domains that this
# machine considers itself the final destination for.
#
# These domains are routed to the delivery agent specified with the
# local_transport parameter setting. By default, that is the UNIX
# compatible delivery agent that lookups all recipients in /etc/passwd
# and /etc/aliases or their equivalent.
#
# The default is $myhostname + localhost.$mydomain. On a mail domain
# gateway, you should also include $mydomain.
#
# Do not specify the names of virtual domains - those domains are
# specified elsewhere (see sample-virtual.cf).
#
# Do not specify the names of domains that this machine is backup MX
# host for. Specify those names via the relay_domains settings for
# the SMTP server, or use permit_mx_backup if you are lazy (see
# sample-smtpd.cf).
#
# The local machine is always the final destination for mail addressed
# to user@[the.net.work.address] of an interface that the mail system
# receives mail on (see the inet_interfaces parameter).
#
# Specify a list of host or domain names, /file/name or type:table
# patterns, separated by commas and/or whitespace. A /file/name
# pattern is replaced by its contents; a type:table is matched when
# a name matches a lookup key (the right-hand side is ignored).
# Continue long lines by starting the next line with whitespace.
#
# See also below, section "REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS".
#
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain $mydomain
#mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain, $mydomain,
# mail.$mydomain, http://www.$mydomain, ftp.$mydomain

# REJECTING MAIL FOR UNKNOWN LOCAL USERS
#
# The local_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all names or addresses of users that are local with respect
# to $mydestination and $inet_interfaces.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown local users. This parameter is defined by default.
#
# To turn off local recipient checking in the SMTP server, specify
# local_recipient_maps = (i.e. empty).
#
# The default setting assumes that you use the default Postfix local
# delivery agent for local delivery. You need to update the
# local_recipient_maps setting if:
#
# - You define $mydestination domain recipients in files other than
# /etc/passwd, /etc/aliases, or the $virtual_alias_maps files.
# For example, you define $mydestination domain recipients in
# the $virtual_mailbox_maps files.
#
# - You redefine the local delivery agent in master.cf.
#
# - You redefine the "local_transport" setting in main.cf.
#
# - You use the "luser_relay", "mailbox_transport", or "fallback_transport"
# feature of the Postfix local delivery agent (see sample-local.cf).
#
# Details are described in the LOCAL_RECIPIENT_README file.
#
# Beware: if the Postfix SMTP server runs chrooted, you probably have
# to access the passwd file via the proxymap service, in order to
# overcome chroot restrictions. The alternative, having a copy of
# the system passwd file in the chroot jail is just not practical.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify a bare username, an @domain.tld
# wild-card, or specify a user@domain.tld address.
#
#local_recipient_maps = unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
#local_recipient_maps = proxy:unix:passwd.byname $alias_maps
#local_recipient_maps =

# The unknown_local_recipient_reject_code specifies the SMTP server
# response code when a recipient domain matches $mydestination or
# $inet_interfaces, while $local_recipient_maps is non-empty and the
# recipient address or address local-part is not found.
#
# The default setting is 550 (reject mail) but it is safer to start
# with 450 (try again later) until you are certain that your
# local_recipient_maps settings are OK.
#
#unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 550
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 450

# TRUST AND RELAY CONTROL

# The mynetworks parameter specifies the list of "trusted" SMTP
# clients that have more privileges than "strangers".
#
# In particular, "trusted" SMTP clients are allowed to relay mail
# through Postfix. See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions parameter
# in file sample-smtpd.cf.
#
# You can specify the list of "trusted" network addresses by hand
# or you can let Postfix do it for you (which is the default).
#
# By default (mynetworks_style = subnet), Postfix "trusts" SMTP
# clients in the same IP subnetworks as the local machine.
# On Linux, this does works correctly only with interfaces specified
# with the "ifconfig" command.
#
# Specify "mynetworks_style = class" when Postfix should "trust" SMTP
# clients in the same IP class A/B/C networks as the local machine.
# Don't do this with a dialup site - it would cause Postfix to "trust"
# your entire provider's network. Instead, specify an explicit
# mynetworks list by hand, as described below.
#
# Specify "mynetworks_style = host" when Postfix should "trust"
# only the local machine.
#
#mynetworks_style = class
#mynetworks_style = subnet
#mynetworks_style = host

# Alternatively, you can specify the mynetworks list by hand, in
# which case Postfix ignores the mynetworks_style setting.
#
# Specify an explicit list of network/netmask patterns, where the
# mask specifies the number of bits in the network part of a host
# address.
#
# You can also specify the absolute pathname of a pattern file instead
# of listing the patterns here. Specify type:table for table-based lookups
# (the value on the table right-hand side is not used).
#
#mynetworks = 168.100.189.0/28, 127.0.0.0/8
#mynetworks = $config_directory/mynetworks
#mynetworks = hash:/etc/postfix/network_table

# The relay_domains parameter restricts what destinations this system will
# relay mail to. See the smtpd_recipient_restrictions restriction in the
# file sample-smtpd.cf for detailed information.
#
# By default, Postfix relays mail
# - from "trusted" clients (IP address matches $mynetworks) to any destination,
# - from "untrusted" clients to destinations that match $relay_domains or
# subdomains thereof, except addresses with sender-specified routing.
# The default relay_domains value is $mydestination.
#
# In addition to the above, the Postfix SMTP server by default accepts mail
# that Postfix is final destination for:
# - destinations that match $inet_interfaces,
# - destinations that match $mydestination
# - destinations that match $virtual_alias_domains,
# - destinations that match $virtual_mailbox_domains.
# These destinations do not need to be listed in $relay_domains.
#
# Specify a list of hosts or domains, /file/name patterns or type:name
# lookup tables, separated by commas and/or whitespace. Continue
# long lines by starting the next line with whitespace. A file name
# is replaced by its contents; a type:name table is matched when a
# (parent) domain appears as lookup key.
#
# NOTE: Postfix will not automatically forward mail for domains that
# list this system as their primary or backup MX host. See the
# permit_mx_backup restriction in the file sample-smtpd.cf.
#
#relay_domains = $mydestination

# INTERNET OR INTRANET

# The relayhost parameter specifies the default host to send mail to
# when no entry is matched in the optional transport(5) table. When
# no relayhost is given, mail is routed directly to the destination.
#
# On an intranet, specify the organizational domain name. If your
# internal DNS uses no MX records, specify the name of the intranet
# gateway host instead.
#
# In the case of SMTP, specify a domain, host, host:port, [host]:port,
# [address] or [address]:port; the form [host] turns off MX lookups.
#
# If you're connected via UUCP, see also the default_transport parameter.
#
#relayhost = $mydomain
#relayhost = gateway.my.domain
#relayhost = uucphost
#relayhost = [an.ip.add.ress]

# REJECTING UNKNOWN RELAY USERS
#
# The relay_recipient_maps parameter specifies optional lookup tables
# with all addresses in the domains that match $relay_domains.
#
# If this parameter is defined, then the SMTP server will reject
# mail for unknown relay users. This feature is off by default.
#
# The right-hand side of the lookup tables is conveniently ignored.
# In the left-hand side, specify an @domain.tld wild-card, or specify
# a user@domain.tld address.
#
#relay_recipient_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/relay_recipients

# INPUT RATE CONTROL
#
# The in_flow_delay configuration parameter implements mail input
# flow control. This feature is turned on by default, although it
# still needs further development (it's disabled on SCO UNIX due
# to an SCO bug).
#
# A Postfix process will pause for $in_flow_delay seconds before
# accepting a new message, when the message arrival rate exceeds the
# message delivery rate. With the default 100 SMTP server process
# limit, this limits the mail inflow to 100 messages a second more
# than the number of messages delivered per second.
#
# Specify 0 to disable the feature. Valid delays are 0..10.
#
#in_flow_delay = 1s

# ADDRESS REWRITING
#
# Insert text from sample-rewrite.cf if you need to do address
# masquerading.
#
# Insert text from sample-canonical.cf if you need to do address
# rewriting, or if you need username->Firstname.Lastname mapping.

# ADDRESS REDIRECTION (VIRTUAL DOMAIN)
#
# Insert text from sample-virtual.cf if you need virtual domain support.

# "USER HAS MOVED" BOUNCE MESSAGES
#
# Insert text from sample-relocated.cf if you need "user has moved"
# style bounce messages. Alternatively, you can bounce recipients
# with an SMTP server access table. See sample-smtpd.cf.

# TRANSPORT MAP
#
# Insert text from sample-transport.cf if you need explicit routing.

# ALIAS DATABASE
#
# The alias_maps parameter specifies the list of alias databases used
# by the local delivery agent. The default list is system dependent.
#
# On systems with NIS, the default is to search the local alias
# database, then the NIS alias database. See aliases(5) for syntax
# details.
#
# If you change the alias database, run "postalias /etc/aliases" (or
# wherever your system stores the mail alias file), or simply run
# "newaliases" to build the necessary DBM or DB file.
#
# It will take a minute or so before changes become visible. Use
# "postfix reload" to eliminate the delay.
#
#alias_maps = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
#alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases, nis:mail.aliases
#alias_maps = netinfo:/aliases

# The alias_database parameter specifies the alias database(s) that
# are built with "newaliases" or "sendmail -bi". This is a separate
# configuration parameter, because alias_maps (see above) may specify
# tables that are not necessarily all under control by Postfix.
#
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = dbm:/etc/mail/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
#alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases, hash:/opt/majordomo/aliases

# ADDRESS EXTENSIONS (e.g., user+foo)
#
# The recipient_delimiter parameter specifies the separator between
# user names and address extensions (user+foo). See canonical(5),
# local(8), relocated(5) and virtual(5) for the effects this has on
# aliases, canonical, virtual, relocated and .forward file lookups.
# Basically, the software tries user+foo and .forward+foo before
# trying user and .forward.
#
#recipient_delimiter = +

# DELIVERY TO MAILBOX
#
# The home_mailbox parameter specifies the optional pathname of a
# mailbox file relative to a user's home directory. The default
# mailbox file is /var/spool/mail/user or /var/mail/user. Specify
# "Maildir/" for qmail-style delivery (the / is required).
#
#home_mailbox = Mailbox
#home_mailbox = Maildir/

# The mail_spool_directory parameter specifies the directory where
# UNIX-style mailboxes are kept. The default setting depends on the
# system type.
#
#mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
#mail_spool_directory = /var/spool/mail

# The mailbox_command parameter specifies the optional external
# command to use instead of mailbox delivery. The command is run as
# the recipient with proper HOME, SHELL and LOGNAME environment settings.
# Exception: delivery for root is done as $default_user.
#
# Other environment variables of interest: USER (recipient username),
# EXTENSION (address extension), DOMAIN (domain part of address),
# and LOCAL (the address localpart).
#
# Unlike other Postfix configuration parameters, the mailbox_command
# parameter is not subjected to $parameter substitutions. This is to
# make it easier to specify shell syntax (see example below).
#
# Avoid shell meta characters because they will force Postfix to run
# an expensive shell process. Procmail alone is expensive enough.
#
# IF YOU USE THIS TO DELIVER MAIL SYSTEM-WIDE, YOU MUST SET UP AN
# ALIAS THAT FORWARDS MAIL FOR ROOT TO A REAL USER.
#
#mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail
#mailbox_command = /some/where/procmail -a "$EXTENSION"

# The mailbox_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use after processing aliases and .forward files. This parameter
# has precedence over the mailbox_command, fallback_transport and
# luser_relay parameters.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#mailbox_transport = lmtp:unix:/file/name
#mailbox_transport = cyrus

# The fallback_transport specifies the optional transport in master.cf
# to use for recipients that are not found in the UNIX passwd database.
# This parameter has precedence over the luser_relay parameter.
#
# Specify a string of the form transport:nexthop, where transport is
# the name of a mail delivery transport defined in master.cf. The
# :nexthop part is optional. For more details see the sample transport
# configuration file.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must update the "local_recipient_maps" setting in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#fallback_transport = lmtp:unix:/file/name
#fallback_transport = cyrus
#fallback_transport =

# The luser_relay parameter specifies an optional destination address
# for unknown recipients. By default, mail for unknown@$mydestination
# and unknown@[$inet_interfaces] is returned as undeliverable.
#
# The following expansions are done on luser_relay: $user (recipient
# username), $shell (recipient shell), $home (recipient home directory),
# $recipient (full recipient address), $extension (recipient address
# extension), $domain (recipient domain), $local (entire recipient
# localpart), $recipient_delimiter. Specify ${name?value} or
# ${name:value} to expand value only when $name does (does not) exist.
#
# luser_relay works only for the default Postfix local delivery agent.
#
# NOTE: if you use this feature for accounts not in the UNIX password
# file, then you must specify "local_recipient_maps =" (i.e. empty) in
# the main.cf file, otherwise the SMTP server will reject mail for
# non-UNIX accounts with "User unknown in local recipient table".
#
#luser_relay = $user@other.host
#luser_relay = $local@other.host
#luser_relay = admin+$local

# JUNK MAIL CONTROLS
#
# The controls listed here are only a very small subset. See the file
# sample-smtpd.cf for an elaborate list of anti-UCE controls.

# The header_checks parameter specifies an optional table with patterns
# that each logical message header is matched against, including
# headers that span multiple physical lines.
#
# By default, these patterns also apply to MIME headers and to the
# headers of attached messages. With older Postfix versions, MIME and
# attached message headers were treated as body text.
#
# For details, see the sample-filter.cf file.
#
#header_checks = regexp:/etc/postfix/header_checks

# FAST ETRN SERVICE
#
# Postfix maintains per-destination logfiles with information about
# deferred mail, so that mail can be flushed quickly with the SMTP
# "ETRN domain.tld" command, or by executing "sendmail -qRdomain.tld".
#
# By default, Postfix maintains deferred mail logfile information
# only for destinations that Postfix is willing to relay to (as
# specified in the relay_domains parameter). For other destinations,
# Postfix attempts to deliver ALL queued mail after receiving the
# SMTP "ETRN domain.tld" command, or after execution of "sendmail
# -qRdomain.tld". This can be slow when a lot of mail is queued.
#
# The fast_flush_domains parameter controls what destinations are
# eligible for this "fast ETRN/sendmail -qR" service.
#
#fast_flush_domains = $relay_domains
#fast_flush_domains =

# SHOW SOFTWARE VERSION OR NOT
#
# The smtpd_banner parameter specifies the text that follows the 220
# code in the SMTP server's greeting banner. Some people like to see
# the mail version advertised. By default, Postfix shows no version.
#
# You MUST specify $myhostname at the start of the text. That is an
# RFC requirement. Postfix itself does not care.
#
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name
#smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name ($mail_version)

# PARALLEL DELIVERY TO THE SAME DESTINATION
#
# How many parallel deliveries to the same user or domain? With local
# delivery, it does not make sense to do massively parallel delivery
# to the same user, because mailbox updates must happen sequentially,
# and expensive pipelines in .forward files can cause disasters when
# too many are run at the same time. With SMTP deliveries, 10
# simultaneous connections to the same domain could be sufficient to
# raise eyebrows.
#
# Each message delivery transport has its XXX_destination_concurrency_limit
# parameter. The default is $default_destination_concurrency_limit for
# most delivery transports. For the local delivery agent the default is 2.

#local_destination_concurrency_limit = 2
#default_destination_concurrency_limit = 20

# DEBUGGING CONTROL
#
# The debug_peer_level parameter specifies the increment in verbose
# logging level when an SMTP client or server host name or address
# matches a pattern in the debug_peer_list parameter.
#
debug_peer_level = 2

# The debug_peer_list parameter specifies an optional list of domain
# or network patterns, /file/name patterns or type:name tables. When
# an SMTP client or server host name or address matches a pattern,
# increase the verbose logging level by the amount specified in the
# debug_peer_level parameter.
#
#debug_peer_list = 127.0.0.1
#debug_peer_list = some.domain

# The debugger_command specifies the external command that is executed
# when a Postfix daemon program is run with the -D option.
#
# Use "command .. & sleep 5" so that the debugger can attach before
# the process marches on. If you use an X-based debugger, be sure to
# set up your XAUTHORITY environment variable before starting Postfix.
#
debugger_command =
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/X11R6/bin
xxgdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id & sleep 5

# If you don't have X installed on the Postfix machine, try:
# debugger_command =
# PATH=/bin:/usr/bin:/usr/local/bin; export PATH; (echo cont;
# echo where) | gdb $daemon_directory/$process_name $process_id 2>&1
# >$config_directory/$process_name.$process_id.log & sleep 5

# INSTALL-TIME CONFIGURATION INFORMATION
#
# The following parameters are used when installing a new Postfix version.
#
# sendmail_path: The full pathname of the Postfix sendmail command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible mail posting interface.
#
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail

# newaliases_path: The full pathname of the Postfix newaliases command.
# This is the Sendmail-compatible command to build alias databases.
#
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases

# mailq_path: The full pathname of the Postfix mailq command. This
# is the Sendmail-compatible mail queue listing command.
#
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq

# setgid_group: The group for mail submission and queue management
# commands. This must be a group name with a numerical group ID that
# is not shared with other accounts, not even with the Postfix account.
#
setgid_group = maildrop

# manpage_directory: The location of the Postfix on-line manual pages.
#
manpage_directory = /usr/share/man

# sample_directory: The location of the Postfix sample configuration files.
#
sample_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/samples

# readme_directory: The location of the Postfix README files.
#
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/README_FILES
mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/canonical
virtual_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual, hash:/etc/postfix/confixx_virtualUsers, hash:/etc/postfix/confixx_localDomains
relocated_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/relocated
transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport
sender_canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical
masquerade_exceptions = root
masquerade_classes = envelope_sender, header_sender, header_recipient
myhostname = p15135790.pureserver.info
program_directory = /usr/lib/postfix
masquerade_domains =
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain
defer_transports =
disable_dns_lookups = no
relayhost =
content_filter =
mailbox_command = /usr/bin/procmail
mailbox_transport =
smtpd_sender_restrictions = hash:/etc/postfix/access
smtpd_client_restrictions =
smtpd_helo_required = no
smtpd_helo_restrictions =
strict_rfc821_envelopes = no
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination,reject_non_fqdn_sender,reject_unknown_sender_domain
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
mailbox_size_limit = 0
message_size_limit = 10240000

#SMTPD Auth
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = no
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
broken_sasl_auth_clients = no

#TLS Support
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/key.pem
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/cert.pem
smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/pxxx.pureserver.info-sample-ca.crt
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom

html_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/html
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deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

hier meine postfix main.cf (schluss)
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/README_FILES
mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/canonical
virtual_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/virtual, hash:/etc/postfix/confixx_virtualUsers, hash:/etc/postfix/confixx_localDomains
relocated_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/relocated
transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport
sender_canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical
masquerade_exceptions = root
masquerade_classes = envelope_sender, header_sender, header_recipient
myhostname = p15135790.pureserver.info
program_directory = /usr/lib/postfix
masquerade_domains =
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain
defer_transports =
disable_dns_lookups = no
relayhost =
content_filter =
mailbox_command = /usr/bin/procmail
mailbox_transport =
smtpd_sender_restrictions = hash:/etc/postfix/access
smtpd_client_restrictions =
smtpd_helo_required = no
smtpd_helo_restrictions =
strict_rfc821_envelopes = no
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination,reject_non_fqdn_sender,reject_unknown_sender_domain
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
mailbox_size_limit = 0
message_size_limit = 10240000

#SMTPD Auth
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = no
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
broken_sasl_auth_clients = no

#TLS Support
smtpd_use_tls = yes
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/key.pem
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/cert.pem
smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/pxxx.pureserver.info-sample-ca.crt
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom

html_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/html
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

Saslfinger gibt folgendes aus:
pxxxx:/etc/init.d # saslfinger -c
saslfinger - postfix Cyrus sasl configuration Tue Apr 17 22:23:10 CEST 2007
version: 0.9.9.1
mode: client-side SMTP AUTH

-- basics --
Postfix: 2.1.1
System:
Welcome to SuSE Linux 9.1 (i586) - Kernel r (l).

-- smtp is linked to --
libsasl2.so.2 => /usr/lib/libsasl2.so.2 (0x40069000)

-- active SMTP AUTH and TLS parameters for smtp --
relayhost =


-- listing of /usr/lib/sasl2 --
total 216
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Apr 26 2006 .
drwxr-xr-x 44 root root 12288 Apr 28 2006 ..
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 695 Apr 6 2004 libanonymous.la
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16099 Apr 6 2004 libanonymous.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16099 Apr 6 2004 libanonymous.so.2
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16099 Apr 6 2004 libanonymous.so.2.0.18
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 679 Apr 6 2004 liblogin.la
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16811 Apr 6 2004 liblogin.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16811 Apr 6 2004 liblogin.so.2
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 16811 Apr 6 2004 liblogin.so.2.0.18
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 704 Apr 6 2004 libsasldb.la
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 21330 Apr 6 2004 libsasldb.so
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 21330 Apr 6 2004 libsasldb.so.2
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 21330 Apr 6 2004 libsasldb.so.2.0.18
-rw------- 1 root root 49 Apr 6 2004 smtpd.conf


Cannot find the smtp_sasl_password_maps parameter in main.cf.
Client-side SMTP AUTH cannot work without this parameter!
pxxx:/etc/init.d #
Allerdings kann ich die Auth Methode nicht ändern... alles was ich nach saslauthd eingebe endet in der Ausgabe der Parameter...

Ich bitte dringend um Hilfe oder Ideen, nein die Anderen Themen haben mir nicht helfen können!

Noch ein kurzer Auszug aus meiner master.cfg
# ==========================================================================
# service type private unpriv chroot wakeup maxproc command + args
# (yes) (yes) (yes) (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp inet n - n - - smtpd
smtps inet n - n - - smtpd
-o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#submission inet n - n - - smtpd
# -o smtpd_enforce_tls=yes -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#628 inet n - n - - qmqpd
pickup fifo n - n 60 1 pickup
cleanup unix n - n - 0 cleanup
qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 qmgr
#qmgr fifo n - n 300 1 nqmgr
#tlsmgr fifo - - n 300 1 tlsmgr
rewrite unix - - n - - trivial-rewrite
bounce unix - - n - 0 bounce
defer unix - - n - 0 bounce
flush unix n - n 1000? 0 flush
proxymap unix - - n - - proxymap
smtp unix - - n - - smtp
#relay unix - - n - - smtp
# -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq unix n - n - - showq
error unix - - n - - error
local unix - n n - - local
virtual unix - n n - - virtual
lmtp unix - - n - - lmtp
#localhost:10025 inet n - n - - smtpd -o content_filter=
#
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
#
#maildrop unix - n n - - pipe
# flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/local/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
cyrus unix - n n - - pipe
user=cyrus argv=/usr/lib/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
uucp unix - n n - - pipe
flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
ifmail unix - n n - - pipe
flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp unix - n n - - pipe
flags=Fq. user=foo argv=/usr/local/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
vscan unix - n n - 10 pipe
user=vscan argv=/usr/sbin/amavis ${sender} ${recipient}
procmail unix - n n - - pipe
flags=R user=nobody argv=/usr/bin/procmail -t -m /etc/procmailrc ${sender} ${recipient}
relay unix - - n - - smtp
trace unix - - n - 0 bounce
verify unix - - n - 1 verify
anvil unix - - n - 1 anvil
PS: Habe noch folgende Fehlermeldung die sich diversemale häuft...
/var/log/mail.err
Apr 17 22:11:06 pxxxx spamc[4236]: connect(AF_INET) to spamd at 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#1 of 3): Connection refused
Apr 17 22:11:07 pxxxx spamc[4236]: connect(AF_INET) to spamd at 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#2 of 3): Connection refused
Apr 17 22:11:08 pxxxx spamc[4236]: connect(AF_INET) to spamd at 127.0.0.1 failed, retrying (#3 of 3): Connection refused
Apr 17 22:11:09 pxxxx spamc[4236]: connection attempt to spamd aborted after 3 retries
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Roger Wilco
Administrator
Administrator
Posts: 6001
Joined: 2004-05-23 12:53

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by Roger Wilco »

1. Bitte bearbeite deine Beiträge und erstelle nicht immer einen neuen.
2. CODE-Tags sind bei Konfigurationsschnipseln übersichtlicher als QUOTE-Tags.
3. Für die Postfix Konfiguration reicht i. d. R. die Ausgabe von `postconf -n` und die master.cf.

DerAl wrote:

Code: Select all

smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = no
Damit verhinderst du SMTP Auth auf deinem Server, d. h. ein Client könnte sich nicht authentifizieren, um Mails nach extern zu schicken. Wenigstens macht dein MTA das nicht ohne Authentifizierung.

Du solltest unbedingt die Postfix-Dokumentation lesen (speziell http://www.postfix.org/SASL_README.html) und/oder dir ein entsprechendes Buch kaufen.

Das Problem mit spamc liegt daran, dass dein spamd nicht läuft bzw. nicht auf einem TCP/IP-Socket erreichbar ist.
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

Sorry!

Es war keineswegs meine Absicht gleich drei Themen zu erstellen.

Als ich ein Thema mit dem gesamten Text erstellen wollte, endete dies auf einer leeren Seite. Als ich dann geschaut habe ob das Thema erstellt wurde, war nichts zu sehen, also nochmals ausprobiert und dann beim dritten mal nur den Anfang meines Themas gepostet.

--

Selbst wenn ich den Wert auf yes setze bekomme ich die EMail nicht verschickt. Würde ich dann nicht auch direkt im CLient (Outlook) den Fehler bekommen er könne keine Verbindung zum SMTP herstellen?
Top

adjustman
Posts: 1132
Joined: 2003-03-26 23:29
Location: SA

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by adjustman »

@DerAl
wie oben geschrieben
postconf -n
master.cf OHNE Kommentare
die smtpd.conf
Alles andere führt zu nix
Top

Roger Wilco
Administrator
Administrator
Posts: 6001
Joined: 2004-05-23 12:53

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by Roger Wilco »

DerAl wrote:Selbst wenn ich den Wert auf yes setze bekomme ich die EMail nicht verschickt. Würde ich dann nicht auch direkt im CLient (Outlook) den Fehler bekommen er könne keine Verbindung zum SMTP herstellen?
Nein, würdest du nicht.

Mit der Einstellung "smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes" ist es natürlich nicht getan. Du musst noch das Authentifizierungsbackend einrichten (smtpd.conf) und deinen E-Mail-Client so konfigurieren, dass er sich vor dem Versand authentifiziert.

Wie schon gesagt: Lies die Postfix Dokumentation, die ist sehr gut und übersichtlich. Oder kauf dir ein Buch, da gibt es auch einige gute deutschsprachige.
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

adjustMan wrote:@DerAl
wie oben geschrieben
postconf -n

Code: Select all

pxxxx:~ # postconf -n
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
broken_sasl_auth_clients = no
canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/canonical
command_directory = /usr/sbin
config_directory = /etc/postfix
content_filter =
daemon_directory = /usr/lib/postfix
debug_peer_level = 2
default_privs = autoresponder
defer_transports =
disable_dns_lookups = no
html_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/html
inet_interfaces = all
mail_owner = postfix
mail_spool_directory = /var/mail
mailbox_command = /usr/bin/procmail
mailbox_size_limit = 0
mailbox_transport =
mailq_path = /usr/bin/mailq
manpage_directory = /usr/share/man
masquerade_classes = envelope_sender, header_sender, header_recipient
masquerade_domains =
masquerade_exceptions = root
message_size_limit = 10240000
mydestination = $myhostname, localhost.$mydomain
myhostname = p15135790.pureserver.info
newaliases_path = /usr/bin/newaliases
queue_directory = /var/spool/postfix
readme_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/README_FILES
relayhost =
relocated_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/relocated
sample_directory = /usr/share/doc/packages/postfix/samples
sender_canonical_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/sender_canonical
sendmail_path = /usr/sbin/sendmail
setgid_group = maildrop
smtpd_client_restrictions =
smtpd_helo_required = no
smtpd_helo_restrictions =
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated,permit_mynetworks,reject_unauth_destination,reject_non_fqdn_sender,reject_unknown_sender_domain
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = no
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtpd_sender_restrictions = hash:/etc/postfix/access
smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/ssl/certs/pxxxx.pureserver.info-sample-ca.crt
smtpd_tls_auth_only = no
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/cert.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/key.pem
smtpd_tls_loglevel = 1
smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
smtpd_use_tls = yes
strict_rfc821_envelopes = no
tls_random_source = dev:/dev/urandom
transport_maps = hash:/etc/postfix/transport
unknown_local_recipient_reject_code = 450
adjustMan wrote: master.cf OHNE Kommentare

Code: Select all

# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp	  inet	n	-	n	-	-	smtpd
smtps	  inet	n	-	n	-	-	smtpd
  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
pickup	  fifo	n	-	n	60	1	pickup
cleanup	  unix	n	-	n	-	0	cleanup
qmgr	  fifo	n	-	n	300	1	qmgr
rewrite	  unix	-	-	n	-	-	trivial-rewrite
bounce	  unix	-	-	n	-	0	bounce
defer	  unix	-	-	n	-	0	bounce
flush	  unix	n	-	n	1000?	0	flush
proxymap  unix	-	-	n	-	-	proxymap
smtp	  unix	-	-	n	-	-	smtp
showq     unix	n	-	n	-	-	showq
error     unix	-	-	n	-	-	error
local	  unix	-	n	n	-	-	local
virtual	  unix	-	n	n	-	-	virtual
lmtp	  unix	-	-	n	-	-	lmtp
content_filter=

cyrus	  unix	-	n	n	-	-	pipe
  user=cyrus argv=/usr/lib/cyrus/bin/deliver -e -r ${sender} -m ${extension} ${user}
uucp	  unix	-	n	n	-	-	pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fq. user=foo argv=/usr/local/sbin/bsmtp -f $sender $nexthop $recipient
vscan     unix  -       n       n       -       10       pipe
  user=vscan argv=/usr/sbin/amavis ${sender} ${recipient}
procmail  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=R user=nobody argv=/usr/bin/procmail -t -m /etc/procmailrc ${sender} ${recipient}
relay	  unix	-	-	n	-	-	smtp
trace	  unix	-	-	n	-	0	bounce
verify	  unix	-	-	n	-	1	verify
anvil	  unix	-	-	n	-	1	anvil
adjustMan wrote: die smtpd.conf
hab ich selber erstellt, mit find hab ich auch keine andere smtp* gefunden.
liegt in /etc/postfix/sasl/smtpd.conf

Code: Select all

pwcheck_method: saslauthd
mech_list: PLAIN LOGIN
saslauthd_path: /var/run/sasl2/mux
autotransition:true
Allerdings befindet sich im Ordner /var/run/sasl2/mux gar keine "mux" datei... ich habe ja ein Postfix buch, allerdings wird da leider nicht sehr intensiv auf die Auth eingegangen.
Top

adjustman
Posts: 1132
Joined: 2003-03-26 23:29
Location: SA

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by adjustman »

Code: Select all

pxxxx:~ #
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = no
also ohne yes wird das eh nix ;)

Code: Select all

pwcheck_method: saslauthd
mech_list: PLAIN LOGIN
saslauthd_path: /var/run/sasl2/mux
autotransition:true
Allerdings befindet sich im Ordner /var/run/sasl2/mux gar keine "mux" datei
ohne dass saslauthd läuft, wirds da auch nix geben
was sagt ps ax | grep saslauth?
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

ist jetzt auf yes...

es sagt:
25513 pts/0 S+ 0:00 grep saslauth
Top

adjustman
Posts: 1132
Joined: 2003-03-26 23:29
Location: SA

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by adjustman »

DerAl wrote:ist jetzt auf yes...

es sagt:
25513 pts/0 S+ 0:00 grep saslauth
ergo - läuft nicht ;) Kein Wunder, dass alles nicht geht
Top

deral
Posts: 19
Joined: 2003-07-04 21:35
Location: Bremen

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by deral »

ähm, jo

ich danke euch bzw. dir :) es klappt jetzt wieder *andiestirnfass*

das thema kann eventuell auch komplett gelöscht werden...
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adjustman
Posts: 1132
Joined: 2003-03-26 23:29
Location: SA

Re: postfix - 554 <emailadresse@gmail.com>: Relay access denied

Post by adjustman »

DerAl wrote:ähm, jo

ich danke euch bzw. dir :) es klappt jetzt wieder *andiestirnfass*

das thema kann eventuell auch komplett gelöscht werden...
nee, lieber nicht. Kann als Beispiel stehen bleiben ;)
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